These laboratories are used to teach ENV 4401L, the Water Laboratory, with a project-based set of experiments undertaken each semester. The students select a problem contaminant, such as lead or cadmium, review the literature on its prevalence and associated health risks, develop analytical methods to measure their chosen contaminant in the lab, and proceed to demonstrate the effectiveness of conventional water treatment methods at removing this contaminant from the source water. The students make use of equipment and supplies in the EAS 3760 and EAS 3625 labs. This laboratory course acquaints the students with the experimental techniques and approaches used to study major processes in water treatment. The laboratory is practically focused to verify knowledge learned in ENV 4401, which is a co-requisite of ENV 4401L. The equipment available is identical to that for the environmental laboratory.